Each of the following incomplete statements is followed by four alternatives. Read each statement and the four alternatives carefully and decide which of the four alternatives best completes the statemeat. (20%)
1.Language is____ in that it is rule-govemed.
C. uniquely human
D. used for communication
2 We say that culture is a____ phenomenon when we emphasize the contrast between society and nature,
3 is a drink of spirits mixed with others or with various flavourings.
4. The word in English for“a young dog" is___.
5. In English,.questions are formed by placing the auxiliary or modal verb before the subject and giving the rising intonation at the end of the sentence,
6, The onomatopoeic words in English and Chinese are used according to__ grammatical rules.
A. the same
7. Which of the following personal names are quite common among the Chinese people?
A. Names of infuential figures.
B. Names related to historical events.
C. Names of one s grandparents.
D. Names associated with religion.
8. Which of the ollowing statements is NOT often used for invitation?
A.I want to ask you to have dinner with me.
B. Shall we have dinner together next Sunday?
C. I'd like to invite you to dinner next Saturday.
D. I was wondering if you'd like to come to dinner with my family next Saturday.
9. The English saying *Oxford for learming, London for wit,Hull for women and York for horses" is a proverb related to_
A. Greco-Roman civilization
10. "Marathon" is an llusion fom,
11. The following statements are metaphorical expressions about ideas. Which of the following does NOT indicate that ideas are people?
A. His ideas will live forever.
B. Cognitive psychology is still in its infancy.
C. The seeds of his great ideas were planted in his youth.
D. The theory of relativity gave bith to an enormous number of ideas in physics.
12. Of the following expressions involving the colour blue, “____” has some pleasant associations.
A. having the blues
B. a blue fim
C. blue blood
D. blue ribbon
13. People use pleasant, polite or harmless sounding words or expressions to mask harsh, rude or infamous truths. These words or expressions are termed as______
D. terms of humility
14. Which of the following is NOT a proper birthday gift to an American friend?
A. A botle of wine.
B. A bunch of flowers.
C. A. best-seller book.
D. A china god of longevity.
15. Text, which refers to any piece of spoken or witten language, can be as short as one word like“
16. Causal relations can be found in“___”.
A. I'd love to join in. Only I don't know how to play.
B. All the figures were correct. Yet the total came out wrong.
C. I was not informed. Otherwise I should have taken some action.
D. All this time, the guard was loking at her, first through a telescope, then through a microscope.
17. A distinctive feature of English brand names is that many of them sound exotic, being words borrowed from other cultures, such as.
18. A large number of technical terms can be found in.
A. newspaper reporting
B. brand names
D. English for science and technology
19.“Wagging one's forefinger" is used to_
A. signify impatience
B. show defiance
C. mean coming here
D. war others not to do something20. Doctors' touching their patients falis into the category of___.
A. socio-polite touch
B. functional-professional touch
C. love-intimacy touch
D. friendship-warmth touch
II. Each of the following incomplete statements is followed by four alternatives. Read each statement and the four alternatives carefully and decide which alternatives cancomplete the statement, There is more than one correct answer to each question.(10%)
21. In its broad sense culture may include, as its components,
B. human knowledge
C. value systems D. materials for human life
22. Words such as‘ ’are borrowed from French.
23. Modern European languages have fewer grammaticai morphemes than such classical Janguages as ____
D. ancient Greek
24. There are some fixed expressions that are used almost exclusively to greet others in English. What are they?
A. How do you do?
B. How is everything?
C. Where are you going?
D. Good morning.
25. ”are idioms in relation to mannerism.
A. To split one's sides with laughter
B. To ride one's high horse
C. To miss a boat
D. To keep one's own company
26. Of the ollowing metaphorical expressions, which are about love?
A. There is always a market for good ideas
B. Their marriage is on the mend,
C. There is incredible energy in their relationship.
D. There are too many facts here for me to digest them all.
27. Which of the fllowing statements are the proper English translation of“请提宝贵意见”?
A. Please give us your comments or suggestions
B. What's your opinion?
C. Could you give us your comments or suggestions?
D. Please make valuable comments.
28. Which of the ollowing words or expressions can be used as textual comnectives?
D. As a result.
29. The pronunciation diference between American and British English can be found in the words“
30. Westemners are often seen to draw a cross by touching the forehead, breast and shoulders to invoke the blessing of Christ, when they ar_____
D. in trouble
II. Fill in each underlined space with a proper expression, (20%)
31. When we discuss the definition of culture, __institutions may include socioeconomic, politico-legal, marital, familial instiutions, etc.
32. A_ is a member of any Christian body which separated from the Roman Catholic Church at the Reformation.
33. relations are found in constructions whose components are linked in meaning rather than through the use of conjunctions.
34. In English speaking coutries one can praise members of one s own famil, while people may consider it bad taste in China. The above example shows that there exist cultural differences in.
35. In most languages people enrich their speech or witing with indirect references to characters or events from culture. Such indirect references are called.
36. In both English and Chinese black is often associated with qualities, as in "blacklist", "*black market" and *black-hearted".
37. When a teacher says that a student takes over other's things without permission, what he actually means is that the child may. other's things.
38. If the sentences in a text are connected by grammatical and/or lexical means, we say that they exhibit ____ . .
39. In English medicines cannot be advertised, while in China medicine advertisements appear in large quantity in mass media. This fact shows there are contrastsunderlying the linguistic contrast between English and Chinese advertising.
40. Nonverbal communication is a process of communication by means of nonverbal.
IV. Answer the following questions brefly. (12%)
41. What is culture in its narrow sense called?
42. What is the expression in British English for a shop that sells medicines, tiltries, and various other small articles?
43. Why are brand names often coinages in English culture?
44. What is body language?
V. Translation. (18%)
45. anine to five job
46. You are welcome.
47. The child is father of the man.
VI. Discuss the folowing topics. (20%)
51. How and why do English and Chinese speakers answer the negative questions differently?
52. Define the tenor and the vehicle, and ilsrate how the tenor and the vehicle relate to each other in siniles and metaphors, by analyzing the flowing two sentences.
(l) The girl looks Iike her mother.
(2) The girt looks like an angel.