L Multiple Choices: (20%)
Directions: In this section, you are givea 20 questious, beneath each of which are four choices marked A, B, C, and D. You are to make the best choice either to complete the incomplete statement or to answer the question. One point is given to each correct choice.
1， In a Total Physical Response casroom, the students listen atentively and respond_to commands given by the teacher.
2. The Oral Approach, also called__ originated with the work of British linguists inthe early 20th century.
A. Situational Language Teaching
C. Community Language Learning
3._____ is a technique fequently employed in the Grammar-Translation teaching.
B. Listening comprehension
C. Conversation practice
4. The emergence of the _resulted from the increased attention given to foreign language teaching in the US towards the end of the 1950s.
A. Audiolingual Method
B. Oral Approach
C. Direct Method
D. Cognitive Approach
5. Which of the following activities is not often used in a communicative class?
A. Problem-solving tasks.
B. Pattern- drlling.
C. Role play.
D. Oral presentation
6. In the early stage of an Audiolingual Method classroom, the focus is o_______ skills, with gradual links to other skills as learning develops.
7. The Natural Approach was proposed in 1977 by _____ , a teacher of Spanish at the University of California
A. Stephen Krashen
B. Tracy Terrell
C. James Asher
D. David Nunan
8. The develops directly from the London School of Linguistics.
D. functional linguistics
9. Which of the following is forbidden in a Direct Method classroom?
A. Using gestures.
B. Sketch drawing.
C. The first language.
10._ believes that learners should organize knowledge for themselves, for example, by using discovery methods.
D. Skinner11. The monitor theory consists of hypotheses.
12. Who first used the term communicative competence in deliberate contrast to Chomskys linguistic competence"?
13. ideas on education justified the views on language teaching with the Direct Method.
A. Hermann Pauls
B. J. A. Comenius
C. F. Gouin's
D. W. M. Wundt's
14. A Grammar-Translation teacher usually uses reading passages taken from_ _or carefully witten by a compiler, including particular grammar rules and vocabulary.
A. students' writings
B. teachers' writings
C. govermmental reports
D. literary works
15. ________ the study of how sentences in spoken and written language form larger meaningful units, is an indispensable part of the Communicative Approach,
A. Discourse analysis
6. The idea of_ is also dealt with by G. Kelly, a clinical psychologist.
A. discovery learning
B. independent learning
C. community learning
D. meaningful learning
17. In a Natural Approach classroom, most of the classroom time is spent on activities which foster
18. In an Oral Approach class, when the teacher asks several individual students to repcat the model he/she has given, the students are doing
A. individual imitation
B. group patter driling
D. question-answer driling
19. Language is a tool of communication. The symbol "Highway Closed" on a highway is used for
20. Which of the following skills can help students to produce longer sentences bit by bit,gradually achieving fuency?
A. Clause combination skill.
B. Backward build-up drill.
C. Expansion drill.
D. Chain dril.
II. Filing Blanks: (20%)
Directions: In this section, there are 20 statements with 20 blanks. You are to fill each blank with ONE appropriate word. One point is given to each blank.
21. According to Chomsky, human beings are born with a language. device which consists of a set of general principles.
22. The goal of Communicative Language Teaching ¡s to help learners with Communicative____
23. Krashen and erel reject earlier methods of language teaching. such as the Audiolingual Method, which viewed__ ,as the central component of language.
24.The __of a Natural Approach class are divided according to basic persona communication skills and academic learning skills, with focus on the former.
25.The Grammar-Translation Method dominated foreign language teaching from the mid-l9th century to the_ century.
26. If the mother tongue and the target language have the same linguistic habits, the positive_ _will occur and the target language learming process will be fcilitated.
27. According to the Audiolingual Method, the natural ____of skill acquisition is listening, speaking, reading and writing.
28. M. A. K. Halliday has made quite clear his point of view that linguistic events should be accounted for at three primary levels: substance, forn, and
29. One of the objectives of the Oral Approach is to achieve______ in both pronunciation and grammar. Errors are to be avoided.
30. The Direct Method believes in the natural process of language learning and in the teaching of grammar.
31. Many proponents of the Communicative Approach bave advocated the use of_ materials in the classroom, such as language- based realia, newspapers or graphic andvisual sources.
32. Designing_ comprehension tasks is one of the ways to establish a favorable classroom climate in the Direct Method.
33. Behaviourist psychology states that human and animal behavior can and should be studied in terms of_ processes on!y.
34.The generative linguist is interested not only in describing language but also in language.
35. In Hymes view, in order to communicate with speakers of the language, leamers need to know rules of language as well as rules of language_
36. The theory of language underlying the Oral Approach can be characterized as a type of British'
37. Piaget considers that conceptual growth occurs because the child, while actively attempting to adapt to the environment, organizes actions into schemata through theprocesses of____ ____and accommodation
38. The acquisition activities in a Natural Approach class are usually divided into four groups: affective-humanistic, problem-solving, and content.
39. The emphasis on WHAT and HOW continued during the transformational generative period, when the, code-learning approach was much discussed.
40. Community Language Leaming advocates a_ approach to language learning. since "true”human learming is both cognitive and affective.
II. Matching: (10%)
Directions: This section consists of two groups of pairs listed in two columns, A and B. You are to match the one marked①,②,③ ④, or⑤in Columo Awith the one markeda, b, c, d, or e in Column B. One point is given toeach pair you match correctly.
B. Classroom teaching techniques
①the Oral Approach
a.highly flexible by incorporating.any of the techniques from different approaches2
② the.Communicative Approach
b. rule learming, meaningful practice and creativity
③the Cognitive Approach
C. employs situations for presenting:new sentence patterns and drill-based manner ofpracticing them
④the Audiolingual Method
d.the integration of four language skills
⑤the Natural Approach
e.use of drills and pattern practice
①The Practical Study of English
a. Daniel Jones
②How to Teach a Foreign Language
b. Leonard Bloomfield
③The Pronunciation of English
C. Noam Chomsky
d. Henry Sweet
e. Otto Jespersen
TV. Questions for Brief Answers: (30%)
Directions: This section has six questions. You are to answer them briefly. Five points are given to each question.
43. Why is Community Language Learning sometimes cited as an example ofa "humanistic approach" ?
44. What are the three kinds of materials currently used in the Communicative Approach?
45. Krashen identifies three kinds of ffective variables related to second language acqusition. What are they?
46. What procedures will be observed in a typical audiolingual lsson?
47. What were the three factors that made cognitive psychology the dominant approach in the world?
48. What did the traditional linguistics generally emphasize?
V. Questions for Long Answers: (20%)
Directions: The two questions in this section are to be answered 00 the basis of your own teaching experience as well as the theoretical knowledge you'velearned, Ten points are given to each question.
49. What techniques of the Direct Method do you think are useful in modern language teaching? And Why?
50. In which way are the Grammar-Translation Method and the Cognitive Approach similar and different?